INFORMATION FOR THE PATIENT
Your doctor has prescribed Ridaura® (oral gold) as part of your treatment program for arthritis.
Ridaura® is an oral preparation containing gold. Gold in the form of an injection has been used in treatment of severe rheumatoid arthritis for a number of years. Clinical experience has shown that Ridaura® is helpful in the management of rheumatoid arthritis which is not satisfactorily controlled by such drugs as acetylsalicylic acid (ASA, e.g., Aspirin®) or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Be sure to take Ridaura® and other medications exactly as directed. Do NOT increase dosage unless instructed to do so by your doctor.
ABOUT THE DISEASE
Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease affecting primarily the joints, causing joint swelling, pain and stiffness. It is a fairly common ailment, affecting about 1% of the population. The disease occurs most frequently in adults (ages 20 to 60), but it may develop at any age. Rheumatoid arthritis is three times more common in women than in men.
Psoriatic arthritis is a disease affecting primarily the joints, causing joint swelling, pain and stiffness and is also associated with skin or nail lesions of psoriasis.
In the general populations, 1% – 2% are affected by psoriatic arthritis. The disease occurs most frequently in adults ages 30 – 50 years. Psoriasis precedes the onset of arthritis in approximately 75% of the patients, and occurs simultaneously in about 15%. In a small number of patients, arthritis precedes the appearance of skin lesions.
In order to understand the nature of the disease, it is helpful to review the joint’s normal structure.
THE NORMAL JOINT
THE ARTHRITIC JOINT
Disease Symptoms and Diagnosis
The first symptom of rheumatoid arthritis is usually general fatigue, accompanied by overall muscle soreness, stiffness, aches and pain. Joint inflammation is marked by pain, swelling, warmth and tenderness of one or more joints in the hands or feet. It can also affect the wrist, shoulders, elbows, hips and knees.
Once rheumatoid arthritis develops, it may progress over many months and years. Symptoms and discomfort can vary greatly from day to day or month to month. There may be repeated and prolonged periods when symptoms disappear and discomfort is greatly reduced (apparent remissions), as well as episodes when symptoms intensify (exacerbations), increasing discomfort.
A diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis is based on the patient’s history of symptoms and an examination of joint involvement. The results of x-rays and blood tests for inflammation and rheumatoid arthritis markets may also contribute to the diagnosis. A diagnosis of psoriatic arthritis is based on the presence of symptoms of inflammatory arthritis coupled with typical skin or nail lesions of psoriasis.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
**The information above is an excerpt from the product monograph